2015 • 1 year, 3 months • Discovery Grants
The National Academy of Sciences is an independent, nonprofit organization that works outside of government to provide unbiased and authoritative advice to decision makers and the public about issues in the sciences.
This project addresses the global risks and opportunities of advanced research into a new gene editing technique, CRISPR/Cas9, which has been used to manipulate the germline (i.e. heritable characteristics) of human embryos. The National Academy will collect, develop, and disseminate options and recommendations from leading experts regarding this research through a series public and private consultations and other follow up activities.
2015 • 1 year • Migration
The National Academy of Sciences (NAS) is a private, non-profit, non-governmental organization that synthesizes, analyzes, and evaluates research from relevant scientific disciplines, and advises government and the public on questions of national importance. Supplementing an award of $845,000 approved in 2013, this award assists NAS in finalizing a report on the economic and fiscal impacts of immigration to the United States. In addition to assessing macroeconomic effects and the influence of immigration on wages and labor markets, the pending report includes data and analysis of the fiscal impacts of immigration at the national level and on each of the fifty states. This grant also augments resources for the report’s broad dissemination to target audiences, such as policymakers, the media, and the American public.
2014 • 1 year, 2 months • Criminal Justice
The National Research Council, part of the National Academy of Sciences, will use this grant to develop and implement a strategic communications plan to reach targeted audiences with the findings and recommendations of the Council's report, The Growth of Incarceration in the United States, which analyzes the dramatic increase in U.S. incarceration rates, its effects on people's lives, families, and communities, and its implications for public policy. With this communications plan, the Council seeks to increase awareness and understanding, and spur action to significantly reduce incarceration rates, mitigate their social and economic costs, and develop effective alternative community responses and resources.
2014 • 2 years • Policy Research
Building upon previous Foundation funding to the National Academy of Sciences, this grant supports the convening of an expert committee to conduct a consensus study on how to improve the use of economic analysis of costs, benefits and potential for return on investment to inform policy and funding decisions on investments in children, youth and families. As a result, a multidisciplinary group of researchers, practitioners, and policymakers will make recommendations to improve the quality, utility, and use of research, evaluation and economic evidence about investments in children, youth and families.
2013 • 1 year • Policy Research
The National Academy of Sciences and the Institute of Medicine will convene a workshop with an interdisciplinary committee of economists, social scientists, researchers, and policy experts to highlight issues on reaching consensus on the standards for benefit-cost analysis for preventive interventions for children, youth, and families. Although benefit-cost analysis holds much promise for influencing policy, there is an absence of broad-based agreement and consistent application of theoretical, technical, and reporting standards that diminishes its use by policymakers. Workshop findings could inform the development of standards to guide future benefit-cost studies, ensure greater consistency and comparability across studies, and enhance benefit-cost analysis' value among government and other decision-makers.
2013 • 1 year, 3 months • International Peace & Security
The National Academy of Sciences is a private, non-profit organization charged with providing independent, objective advice to the nation on matters related to science and technology. This study, "Science and Technology Capabilities at the Department of State," will recruit U.S. foreign policy and scientific experts from public and private sectors to reevaluate, in light of new global challenges and advances, how the Department of State uses science and technology to achieve foreign policy objectives. The project will include meetings, research, reviews and analyses, interviews and field visits. Funds will be used for a final report, meetings, travel and partial salaries.
2013 • 2 years, 6 months • Migration
This grant to the National Academy of Sciences (NAS) will convene an expert panel to produce a consensus study on the economic and fiscal consequences of immigration in the United States. This report, which will update the seminal 1997 NAS study, The New Americans: Economic, Demographic, and Fiscal Effects of Immigration, will assess the consequences of immigration on labor, wages, economic growth and other factors, and provide timely data and analysis to policy makers, the media and the public.
2013 • 1 year
The National Academy of Sciences (NAS) was incorporated in an 1863 Congressional charter and has since become the trusted source for unbiased, sound advice regarding the most pressing challenges faced by the nation, from conservation of natural resources to development of nutritional guidelines to the human genome project. As part of the Academy's 150th Anniversary commemoration, this grant funds a book authored by three eminent historians about the development of science, medicine and technology in America and NAS's role in that process, and recounts its public policy work in the context of the socio-political landscape of the nation, and the world, and related symposia.
2013 • 11 months • Juvenile Justice
The National Research Council, the operating arm of the National Academy of Sciences, conducts workshops, develops studies, evaluates programs, and provides research fellowships to inform policy and practice in education, science, technology, criminal justice, and other areas of social policy. This grant supports the Council to convene a study committee under the auspices of the Committee on Law and Justice to develop a report and recommendations that will equip the U.S. Department of Justice Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention with a blueprint for implementing juvenile justice system reform using a developmental
2013 • 3 years • Community & Economic Development
The National Academy of Sciences (NAS) is a private, nonprofit society of distinguished scholars charged with providing independent, objective advice to the nation on matters related to science and technology. With this grant, NAS will convene an expert committee to conduct a study of how sustainability principles now being applied in selected urban regions can inform economic growth and regeneration practices in other major metropolitan areas. The study is expected to generate new planning frameworks for integrating sustainability practices into local government decision making that can be adapted in other regions to inform local, state, and national strategies.