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Criminal Justice

Our Goal

Working to address over-incarceration and racial and ethnic disparities by changing the way America thinks about and uses jails.

Why We Support This Work

Despite growing national attention to the large number of Americans confined in state and federal prisons, significantly less attention has been paid to local justice systems, where the criminal justice system primarily operates and where over-incarceration begins.

  • According to the Vera Institute of Justice, there are nearly 1 million local jail admissions every year—almost 18 times the number of prison admissions and equivalent to the populations of Los Angeles and New York combined.
  • Three out five people in jail are legally presumed innocent, awaiting trial or resolution of their cases through plea negotiations and simply too poor to post even low bail. 
  • Nearly 75 percent of the jail population are in jail for nonviolent offenses like traffic, property, drug, or public order violations.
  • Jails take their greatest toll on low-income people and communities of color, as well as people struggling with mental health or substance use issues.

To address over-incarceration, it is critical that we focus on local jails and the systems that fill them. 

Our Approach

Through the Safety and Justice Challenge, we are investing in local reform, research, experimentation, and communications to create national demand for local justice reforms that will safely reduce jail populations and address racial and ethnic disparities.

Participating jurisdictions engage community advocates, people with lived experiences, and system actors as equal partners in criminal justice reform to design and implement plans for creating local justice systems that are more fair, just, and equitable by using innovative, collaborative, and evidence-based solutions. Many of the nation's leading criminal justice organizations provide technical assistance, data analysis, and other support to Safety and Justice Challenge jurisdictions.

The work of these sites is highlighting the misuse of jails, how local criminal justice systems perpetuate historic racial injustices, and demonstrating ways cities, counties, and communities can address these problems. It is revealing more effective means of managing and mitigating risk without resorting to incarceration and what it takes to build communities that are safe for everyone.

To advance our knowledge and understanding about the use of jail in America and to document the experience of local jurisdictions that are succeeding in building more fair, just, and equitable criminal justice systems, we are complementing our grants to local jurisdictions with investments in research and data analytics. We also have invested in a robust communications strategy that continues to elevate jail overuse and misuse into an urgent national issue, spreads effective approaches and practices in justice reform, and generates national demand for reform. This includes partnerships with national professional and policy organizations to mobilize specific constituencies and amplify the strategies and learnings from the Safety and Justice Challenge.

The Challenge engages community advocates, people with lived experiences, and system actors as equal partners in criminal justice reform.  

Expected Outcomes

The Safety and Justice Challenge seeks to achieve:

  • Fewer people incarcerated in America’s jails;
  • More fair, just, and equitable use of jails by reducing disparities in the justice system that harm people of color, those with low incomes, and individuals who suffer from mental health and substance use issues;
  • An increase in the number of jurisdictions undertaking reform; and
  • Broader public understanding of the harms caused by the misuse and overuse of jails and possible solutions.

The specific reforms pursued by each Challenge jurisdiction vary based on local context and needs. They may range from efforts to reduce unnecessary arrests through expanded use of citations to minimizing pretrial detention stays through faster case processing.

Funding Priorities

Through the Safety and Justice Challenge, we provide funding to:

  • Develop and maintain a network of sites seeking to reform their criminal justice systems to reduce jail use and racial and ethnic disparities;
  • Provide technical assistance, project management, and measurement support to those sites;
  • Generate new knowledge about reforming local criminal justice systems, including reducing jail use, addressing racial and ethnic disparities, and engaging impacted communities;
  • Increase public awareness of jail overuse and the need for change;
  • Engage community advocates, people with lived experience, and justice system actors in reforms; and
  • Enlist organizations working to achieve reforms in Illinois in order to ground our national strategy in our home state.

We are not accepting unsolicited proposals at this time. However, contact us to share new ideas and perspectives.


 

Measurement & Evaluation for Learning

We believe that informed decision making leads to more effective stewardship of resources and better results. It enhances our understanding of our work and, ultimately, helps to guide our thinking using Design/Build. Evaluation results are key inputs into our ongoing learning, and we consider how our learning needs change, with a greater emphasis on understanding context and the landscape earlier on and with more focus on understanding progress, outcomes, and our contribution over time. Evaluation is not a one-time event. It is an ongoing process of collecting information and using that information to deploy resources most effectively.

The Safety and Justice Challenge has engaged an evaluation and learning partner to advise us on initiative design and to build an evaluation framework for the initiative. The evaluation will seek to ascertain the extent to which the Safety and Justice Challenge is successful in reducing jail incarceration and addressing racial and ethnic disparities. It will also examine the extent to which the initiative’s activities help spread reform in the nation as a whole. The evaluation will look at metrics from Safety and Justice Challenge sites relative to a series of comparison sites and will track changes at seven key decision points, from arrest to post-disposition supervision in the community. An impact evaluation will document the initiative's contribution to broader national changes in jail populations and the national conversation about jail use and reform.

Evaluations will be published as they are completed.

 


Updated June 2020

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