Evaluation Period: 2015 - 2019
Total Awarded: $66.8 million
Total Number of Grants: 138
Geographic Focus: Nigeria
Since 2015, our On Nigeria Big Bet strategy has sought to reduce corruption by supporting Nigerian-led efforts that strengthen accountability, transparency, and participation. Our theory of change builds on Jonathan Fox’s “sandwich theory,” which leverages the interplay between a push from below, by which citizens demand change (“voice”), and pressure from above to encourage public and private institutions to develop and enforce laws and regulations (“teeth”). We know that corruption is complex and ever-evolving, and progress toward the goal of reducing it will most certainly not be linear nor simple. Thus, our On Nigeria strategy is multilayered, comprising five areas of targeted programming, or modules—the Home Grown School Feeding (HGSF) Program, the Universal Basic Education Commission (UBEC) Intervention Fund, Electricity Distribution, Criminal Justice, and Media and Journalism—and three cross-cutting areas—behavior and social norm change, civil society pressure for government accountability, and election-related efforts.
As of the posting of this report, 138 grants (totaling $66.8 million) have been made through the On Nigeria strategy and that represent a proving ground for developing and testing a range of tactics and entry points for combatting corruption.
In 2016, we commissioned EnCompass LLC to serve as the Evaluation and Learning Partner for the On Nigeria strategy. This report synthesizes information on the strategy collected and analyzed by EnCompass through 2019 to help us answer three overarching questions:
It builds on EnCompass’ initial evaluation report for On Nigeria published in 2018 and is being used to inform ongoing learning and decision making about the strategy.
View the full report ›
Annex 4: On Nigeria Evaluation and Learning Framework ›
Annex 5: Data Collection Instruments ›
MacArthur's evaluation philosophy ›