MacArthur Fellows Program

Annette Gordon-Reed

American Historian | Class of 2010

Enriching our understanding of colonial and early American interracial relations by disentangling the complicated history of two distinct founding families.

American Historian
Harvard Law School
Cambridge, Massachusetts
51 at time of award
Area of Focus
American History
Published September 28, 2010

About Annette's Work

Annette Gordon-Reed is a legal scholar and historian whose persistent investigation into the life of an iconic American president has dramatically changed the course of Jeffersonian scholarship. Fascinated from childhood by the Jefferson family, Gordon-Reed began a comprehensive re-examination of the evidence about the rumored committed relationship between Thomas Jefferson and his slave Sally Hemings. Independent of her responsibilities as a law professor, she wrote her first book, Thomas Jefferson and Sally Hemings: An American Controversy (1997). While the liaison had been widely alleged contemporaneously and since, it was also largely dismissed, then and later, by archivists and historians. Although she is not a formally trained historian, Gordon-Reed drew on her legal training to apply context and reasonable interpretation to the sparse documentation about the shared lives of her protagonists at Monticello, in London, and in Paris. After publication, An American Controversy was received skeptically by some, but her conclusions were confirmed in 1998 when DNA evidence supported the documentary evidence of Jefferson’s genetic paternity. Gordon-Reed has continued her inquiry into colonial interracial relations in The Hemingses of Monticello: An American Family (2008), which follows the Hemings family through the nineteenth century and along markedly different paths of racial assimilation and integration. In disentangling the complicated history of two distinct founding families’ interracial bloodlines, Gordon-Reed is shaping and enriching American history with an authentic portrayal of our colonial past.


Annette Gordon-Reed received an A.B. (1981) from Dartmouth College and a J.D. (1984) from Harvard Law School. In 2010, she joined the faculty of Harvard Law School, with joint appointments as Professor of History in the Faculty of Arts and Sciences and Carol K. Pforzheimer Professor at the Radcliffe Institute for Advanced Study. She was previously Wallace Stevens Professor of Law at New York Law School (1992–2010) and Board of Governors Professor of History at Rutgers University, Newark (2007–2010).

Select News Coverage of Annette Gordon-Reed
June 15, 2018
"Sally Hemings Takes Center Stage"
The New York Times
Annette Gordon-Reed , 2010 MacArthur Fellow
January 1, 2018
"America's Original Sin"
Foreign Affairs
Annette Gordon-Reed , 2010 MacArthur Fellow
November 2, 2017
"Loretta Lynch and Annette Gordon-Reed: A Conversation"
Harvard Law Today
Annette Gordon-Reed , 2010 MacArthur Fellow
August 19, 2017
"Charlottesville: Why Jefferson Matters
The New York Review of Books
Annette Gordon-Reed , 2010 MacArthur Fellow
August 19, 2017
"The Differences Between The Founding Fathers And Confederate Leaders"
WUWM Milwaukee Public Radio
Annette Gordon-Reed , 2010 MacArthur Fellow
July 4, 2017
"Thomas Jefferson's Bible Teaching"
The New York Times
Annette Gordon-Reed , 2010 MacArthur Fellow
View all news

Photos for Download

High-resolution photos of MacArthur Fellows are available for download (right click and save), including use by media, in accordance with this copyright policy.

Please credit: John D. & Catherine T. MacArthur Foundation

More Fellows

View All 2010 Fellows

Stay Informed
Sign up for periodic news updates and event invitations.
Connect with us on social media or view all of our social media content in one place.