MacArthur Fellows Program

Valery Chalidze

Physicist and Human Rights Organizer | Class of 1985

Physicist and Human Rights Organizer
New York, New York
47 at time of award

Valery Chalidze is a physicist, a writer, and a publisher concerned with international human rights.

A former Soviet dissident, Chalidze founded the Moscow Human Rights Committee with Andrei Sakharov and Andrei Tverdokhlebov in 1970.  While he was in the United States in 1972, the Soviet government revoked his citizenship.  He remained in the U.S. and became a citizen in 1979.

Former director of the International League for Human Rights (1970-82), he founded Khronika Press, a Russian-language publisher of human rights material for which he served as president (1972-92), and from 1980-1992, he was proprietor of Chalidze Publications, an English-language publisher of nonfiction works of historical and scholarly interest.  He is the author of To Defend These Rights (1974), Criminal Russia (1977), Entropy Demystified: Potential Order, Life and Money (2000), and Mass and Electric Charge in the Vertex Theory of Matter (2001) and the co-editor of Papers on Soviet Law (1977-81).  Since 1992, Chalidze has been the editor-in-chief of the Central Asia Monitor, sponsored by the Institute for Democratic Development, and since 1995, he has been editor-at-large for Encyclopedia Britannica. 

Chalidze received a B.S. (1958) from Moscow State University and an M.S. (1965) from Tbilisi State University.

Last updated January 1, 2005

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