Research universities have made critical contributions to the American economy and society. However, persistent funding challenges threaten the vitality of U.S. research universities, according to a report requested by Congress, supported by MacArthur, and written by a committee of the National Academy of Sciences. The report recommends ten innovative steps that the nation should take to ensure the continued quality and impact of American higher education. Recommendations also suggest that universities contain costs, enhance productivity, and improve educational pathways to careers both within and beyond academia. Read the Ten Breakthrough Actions Vital to Our Nation's Prosperity and Security report or watch a video summary.