MacArthur has announced three grants totaling more than $1.3 million for efforts to limit the proliferation of weapons of mass destruction and encourage new strategies for cooperative security.
The grants were made through the International Peace and Security area of the Foundation's Program on Global Security and Sustainability. Through this grantmaking, the Foundation seeks to help develop new approaches to cooperative security; secure, reduce, and limit the proliferation of weapons of mass destruction; and bring independent scientific and technical advice to bear on security policy.
"The threat of catastrophic terrorism adds new urgency to the Foundation's work to promote international security," said Jonathan Fanton, President of the MacArthur Foundation. "New threats require new strategies for securing the world's most dangerous weapons. These grants will support innovative thinking and the development of practical transnational methods for limiting the dangers associated with nuclear, chemical, and biological weapons."
A grant of $450,000 over three years was made to the Brookings Institution's Foreign Policy Studies Program in support of its project on "The Future of Arms Control." This project will re-examine prior assumptions about contemporary arms control given a new strategic environment, and seek to build consensus on innovative approaches that overcome the limitations of current multilateral agreements and treaties. In the past, cooperative security was designed primarily to address the threats posed by states, including the world's great powers. Today, threats come not only from rogue states but from terrorist organizations that operate transnationally.
The Foundation has awarded a grant of $325,000 to Harvard University and $325,000 to the University of Sussex in the United Kingdom. The grant will support the Harvard-Sussex Program on Chemical and Biological Weapons and Arms Limitation. The program houses the world's largest public database on aspects of biological and chemical weapons, including work on efforts to limit their production and constrain their use. It provides information and research facilities to researchers, policy analysts, and government policymakers as well as training on chemical and biological weapons issues for scientists and researchers.
The Arms Control Association received $250,000 over two years in support of its efforts to improve the implementation and effectiveness of a variety of arms control regimes, including binding agreements and voluntary protocols. Over the next two years, the Association will continue to stimulate a broader debate about the need for new cooperative programs to reduce the risks and dangers associated with weapons of mass destruction.