Based on the success of MacArthur-supported work to combat maternal mortality, the Nigerian government has allocated $11.7 million in this year’s budget to improve maternal health, including expanding the use of an anti-shock garment to prevent postpartum hemorrhage in 12 states. A recent Foundation-sponsored study conducted at 12 facilities in Nigeria and involving 747 women showed a 60 percent reduction in mortality and an 85 percent reduction in morbidity. Postpartum hemorrhage is responsible for 25 percent of maternal deaths in Nigeria. The anti-shock garment is used to stabilize women while they are transported to a medical facility for treatment and in hospitals while they await blood transfusions. MacArthur is supporting Pathfinder International to scale up the use of the garment to 106 facilities in eight states in Nigeria. The study was conducted by researchers at the University of California San Francisco and the University of Ibadan College Hospital.